Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States was born on a farm in Hardin County in 1809, Kentucky. His childhood was fairly hard because in the summer of 1818, a plague of milk struck the area where he lived and claimed the life of his mother’s uncle and aunt, Nancy Hanks Lincoln, before the mother later died. 2 years later his father remarried a widow, Sarah Bush Johnston, who played a major role in Abraham’s life. Although his education was limited to only a few months in a school with only 1 teacher, Lincoln diligently read books such as the Bible, Pilgrim’s Progress, and Weemss Life of Washington.
In 1847, he was elected a member of U.S. The House of Representatives and is famous for opposing the Mexican War and slavery. In 1856, Lincoln ran for the US Senate, but he had not succeeded. In July 1856, Lincoln, who was a Republican, was nominated as president on the third ballot at the convention in Chicago, and this time he successfully won the vote. Lincoln arrived in Washington to be sworn in as the 16th president of the country on March 4, 1861. In his first inaugural address, Lincoln tried to persuade the Southern states to join the Union, but after the April 12 bombing of Fort Sumter he called for 75,000 volunteers to suppress “rebellion”. Lincoln made a call to Congress to meet on July 4, 1861. Since then the history of the Lincoln government has continued to be in line with the Civil War.
As commander-in-chief, Lincoln showed surprising talent in designing military strategies. Besides the state problem, Lincoln also experienced a lot of pressure in his household. His son, Willie, died in 1862 at the age of 12 years. But he was an extraordinary leader, firm in his aim to restore and preserve the Union, and also known for his expertise as a public speaker. Lincoln also showed an astonishing understanding of foreign affairs, cleverly he could avoid war with the United Kingdom at Trent Affair and win goodwill in Europe with his Emancipation Proclamation. Regarding domestic affairs, the Homestead Act of 1862 was the most prominent achievement of his reign, ending on April 9, 1865, when the Civil War ended.
Lincoln’s flexible and humanitarian character was demonstrated through a policy of reconciliation with South Korea, as expressed in his second inaugural address, on March 4, 1865, where he spoke of “no cruelty to anyone” and “affection for all.” Lincoln’s death a few weeks later, on April 15, 1865, not only stopped the life of a man, but also temporarily stopped the unification of the United States.
practice as a lawyer (1836)
member of U.S. House of Representatives (1847)
president of the United States of America (1861-1865)
Full Name: Abraham Lincoln
Place of Birth: Hodgenville, Kentucky, United States
Birthday: Sunday, February 12, 1809
Wife: Mary Todd of Lexington
Father: Thomas Lincoln
Mother: Thomas and Nancy Lincoln